types of fir in police station

2020 Urban Thinkers Campus – COVID-19 UTC Series, 2019 Urban Thinkers Campus – Safe Public Spaces, 2018 Urban Thinkers Campus – Creating a Resilient and Inclusive City, – Day 1- Creating a Resilient and Inclusive Mumbai, 2018, – Day 2- Youth Innovation Challenge Kick-Off, 2018, Laws against Sexual Violence in Different Countries, Sexual Violence Laws under the Indian Penal Code, Sexual Violence Laws in the Domestic Space, Filing of a First Information Report (‘FIR’). Anyone who is either a victim of a crime, or has witnessed a crime or has information regarding a crime may file an FIR. Hi , 173 is that the police must have filed the charge sheet in the subjected matter. are found more the earlier one. L.T. AIR 1975 SC 757, [69] Hakirat Singh vs. State of Punjab,  AIR 1997 SC 323, [74] Harpal singh vs. State of H.P, (1981)1SCC560, [76] Tara Singh and others vs. The compulsoriness of registering any information is also based on the understanding that the FIR is not a substantive piece of evidence [30] and can only be used to contradict or corroborate the contents. 232-234 of 1997, . Also it has come to our notice that he hasn’t stopped even after us he has done fraud with many people of lakhs in kotdwara. The police officer must give you a copy of the FIR at no cost to you. These powers of the Courts are referred to as ‘inherent powers of Court’. In this regard, the possibility of the fallout of police practise ignoring complaints on the grounds of trivial, petty or minor nature can be brought home. Human nature as it is, the kith and kin who have witnessed the occurrence cannot be expected to act mechanically with all the promptitude in giving the report to the police. Where the allegations in the first information report and other materials, if any, accompanying the FIR do not disclose a cognizable offence, justifying an investigation by police officers underSec.156(1) of the Code except under an order of a Magistrate within the purview of Sec.155(2) of the Code. It is usually used for crimes such as murder and rape and other cognizable offences, i.e. against someone is a punishable offence u/s 182 and u/s 211 of the Indian Penal Code. Under Indian criminal law, the informant, as seen earlier, is entitled to get a copy of the first information report lodged by him at the police station free of cost. If we complain about someone no one will be take seriously untill something bigger issue happened. Act.[68]. praying to quash the F.I.R. In a case where the dispatch of the report to Magistrate was delayed on account of floods, it was held by the court that the delay has been explained and cannot prove fatal to the prosecution. Pooping on a $23 million commode: Why Nasa's new space toilet is so special, Migrant workers' deaths: Govt says it has no data. It is considered one of the important document as it is against the cognizable offence which processes the criminal case. Once you are done with all the fields, hit Submit option at last. [70] F.I.R got recorded by the police has been taken as dying declaration by the Honorable Supreme Court, when the person did not survive to get his dying declaration recorded.[71]. Zero Fir is the new concept introduced as a type of FIR in police station. The process of investigation includes, but is not limited to, collecting evidence, questioning witnesses, inspecting the crime scene, recording statements and forensic testing. The law demands a reasonable explanation for the delay caused in registering the F.I.R., whether it was on the part of the informant or the part of the police. Such exception should not be generalised by the police to say that the police do have a discretion either to register the case or to conduct a preliminary enquiry to make a decision whether to register a case or not”. Till date I have deposited Ru. The complaints coming to the police station are of 2 types. However, the accused person is also entitled to get a copy of the first information report. The decision given in the case of Damodar Prasad vs. State of Maharashtra[47] further strengthens this view of the Court, which says: “It necessarily has to be the person who is informing the police about the crime at the first instance.”, The accused can utilize the FIR to make the person lodging the FIR look less credible and therefore make the value of the FIR as a piece of evidence goes down.

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