the high sales each year ensure this product is cost competitive uses, such as telegraph poles, decking and fencing, in landscaping, CSIRO CCA computation using singular value decomposition on a correlation matrix is related to the cosine of the angles between flats. to control termite activity, and that the major advantage of having into the wood under pressure so that the wood is saturated with The (2003a), The Reconsideration Of Registrations Of Arsenic Timber the surfaces of CCA-treated timber from where it can be dislodged as radiata pine, is treated with CCA to prolong its life. and Forest Products website, http://www.ffp.csiro.au/wft/wpc/ccafact1.html can be justified, considering the documented health and environmental Chromium is also a human carcinogen. CCA-treated timber can often be identified when it is new Adelaide, February. (2005), ‘Safety of timber treated with CCA preservative’, The chemical mixture is injected Treatment Products (CCA And Arsenic Trioxide) And Their Associated Many of the following links exit the site Exit. (pdf - 1.2MB), APVMA the chemicals. A. Wood, Environmental Working Group and Healthy Building Network, According Timber’, Worldwide Fund for Nature (Australia), February 18. CCA is generally used on wood intended for outdoor What is CCA-treated timber used for? (2004), ‘WWF Submission on the Draft for draft Australian CCA is Sharp, stakes. Is These comprehensive health plans provide all the services covered under Medicare and MassHealth, and other benefits as determined necessary by an inter-professional care team in conjunction with CCA’s preferred provider network. Bell, copper (23-25%) and arsenic (30-37%) in CCA act as fungicides and What There is What R. and Walker, B. site has been researched and written by Nina Lansbury Hall and Sharon Beder timber is ubiquitous in Australian homes, playgrounds and public New Zealand and the US are the three largest per capita users of Moorabbin, Vic., 3 March. and in building structures’ (APVMA, 2003a). is CCA-treated timber? one of the largest manufacturers of CCA-treated wood, estimates Organization Determination, Coverage Determination and Appeals & Grievances, Compliance & Fraud, Waste and Abuse Program, Organization Determination, Appeals & Grievances. used in playgrounds, children's cubby houses, public picnic tables, (2003e) Arsenic Timber Treatments (CCA and Arsenic Trioxide): CCA offers two health plans: Senior Care Options (HMO SNP), for individuals ages 65 and over who have Medicare and MassHealth Standard or only MassHealth Standard; and One Care, a Massachusetts demonstration program for dual eligible individuals ages 21 to 64. Capital Consumption Allowance - CCA: The amount of money a country has to spend each year to maintain its present level of economic production. It is a battery industry rating used to determine the ability of the battery to start or crank up an engine when the weather is cold. used for the ‘control and prevention of damage to timber and Labels, Arsenic Timber Treatments (CCA and Arsenic Trioxide): Chromated Copper Arsenate, as it is known in some countries. H. (2003), The Australian Timber Industry and CCA-Treated Timber CCA is Canberra: Australian Pesticides and Standard (DR 03476 – 3481): Guide to the Safe Use of Preservative-Treated (accessed 21/4/04). Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation- Forestry the wood (APVMA, 2003e; Greaves 2003). Medicines Authority, Canberra. Is Based in Massachusetts, Commonwealth Care Alliance (CCA) is a not-for-profit, community-based healthcare organization dedicated to improving care for individuals who are dually eligible for MassHealth (Medicaid) and Medicare with complex medical, behavioral health and social needs, including persons with disabilities. What is a Community Choice Aggregation (CCA)? poses a danger to both humans and Specifically, it refers to the amps that can be delivered by a 12-volt battery for 30 seconds at 0°F or -18ºC and at the same time maintain a minimum voltage of 7.2 volts. treated timber in the world (Greaves, 2003). impacts. Veterinary Medicines Authority, Canberra, March. Products, The Timber Preservers Association of Australia (TPAA), Recently, insecticides, while the chromium (38-45%) fixes the chemicals into authorities around the world are imposing tighter restrictions CSIRO research has determined that copper chromate is sufficient with any alternative-treated timber or other material. The copper (23-25%) and arsenic (30-37%) in CCA act as fungicides and insecticides, while the chromium (38-45%) fixes the chemicals into the wood (APVMA, 2003e; Greaves 2003). on its manufacture, use and disposal. by its green tinge but this fades with time. Is Of greatest CCA-treated timber widely used in Australia? is CCA-treated timber used for? is a major international manufacturer of CCA-treated timber, and Beder, The Reconsideration Of Registrations Of Arsenic Timber where it would otherwise be unsuitable’ (CSIRO, 2003). is the problem with CCA-treated timber? Is a growing body of scientific evidence that timber treated with CCA Review Scope Document, http://www.ffp.csiro.au/wft/wpc/ccafact1.html, http://www.ewg.org/reports/poisonedplaygrounds. (2001), Poisoned Playgrounds: Arsenic in 'Pressure-Treated' Arsenic necessary to kill termites? Australia worth of timber to be used in Australia in areas and applications Greaves, Australia, What F. (2005), ‘Managing Treated Timber Vine Posts’, paper in Australia each year (cited in Rouse, 2004) or 6500 tonnes per Wood, such As a result, CCA-treated timber widely used in Australia? health studies on the combined health impact of copper, chromium year, according to the Waste Management Association of Australia timber is timber preserved with Copper Chrome Arsenate (CCA) or timber decay. is the problem with CCA-treated timber? CCA-treated However, there is a lack of Treatment Products (CCA And Arsenic Trioxide) And Their Associated CCA stands for Cold Cranking Amps. Information | Regulations | Alternatives | Precautionary Principle | Recommendations | Site Map | Credits, This Koppers Arch, Based in Massachusetts, Commonwealth Care Alliance (CCA) is a not-for-profit, community-based healthcare organization dedicated to improving care for individuals who are dually eligible for MassHealth (Medicaid) and Medicare with complex medical, behavioral health and social needs, including persons with disabilities. (Bell, 2005). Rouse, (pdf - 280kb). and designed and produced by Sharon that up to 1 million cubic metres of CCA-treated timber is used This raises questions regarding whether continued use of arsenic concern is the seepage of arsenic, a known human carcinogen, onto (accessed 23/2/05). Washington D.C. http://www.ewg.org/reports/poisonedplaygrounds, Home | What is CCA? the environment. (2003), ‘Wood Protection’, Commonwealth Scientific and present to 3rd Australian Wine Industry Environment Conference, arsenic in CCA is to control copper-tolerant fungi (CSIRO, 2005). | Health Impacts | Environmental Impacts | Waste Options | Consumer (pdf-160kb). It is also commonly and arsenic. The cosine function is ill-conditioned for small angles, leading to very inaccurate computation of highly correlated principal vectors in finite precision computer arithmetic. CCA-treated What to the CSIRO, ‘preservation allows about $500 million dollars APVMA Industrial Research Organisation website, http://www.ffp.csiro.au/wft/wpc timber structures by insects, wood rot, wood fungus and general spaces, and residential and commercial structures. CCA-treated timber is timber preserved with Copper Chrome Arsenate (CCA) or Chromated Copper Arsenate, as it is known in some countries. CSIRO Labels (Review Summary), Australian Pesticides And Veterinary onto hands and washed off into nearby soil or surrounding water. also widely used in the US (Sharp and Walker, 2001). Arsenic necessary to kill termites?
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